PSU Full Form

PSU Full Form

The full form of PSU refers to Public Sector Undertakings. PSUs are the government-owned enterprises in India, in which 51% or more of the paid-up share capital is held by central government or by any state government or partly by the central government and partly by the state government
The Comptroller and Auditor General of India (CAG) has the power to conduct audits government companies, appoint the Auditor and direct how the Auditor shall audit the company’s accounts. Continue reading “PSU Full Form”

PVR Full Form

PVR Full Form

The full form of PVR refers to Priya Village Roadshow. Known as PVR Ltd., the company is the largest and the most premium film exhibitor in India. It is the integrated film and retail brand which introduces the revolutionary concept of multiplexes in India in 1997, changing the total cinema watching experience through digital screens, high-class seating and innovative technologies. Continue reading “PVR Full Form”

RTO Full Form

RTO Full Form

RTO is the full form of the Regional Transport Office. It is an organization responsible for recording and maintaining the information of all the vehicles in different States and Union Territories of India. It functions under the purview of the Government of India. Continue reading “RTO Full Form”

SIM Full Form

SIM Full Form

The full form of SIM refers to a Subscriber Identity Module or Subscriber Identification Module.

It is formed of an integrated circuit that helps in storing the international mobile subscriber identity (IMSI) number and its related key and is used to identify and authenticate subscribers of the mobile devices.  Continue reading “SIM Full Form”

SMS Full Form

SMS Full Form

The full form of SMS stands as Short Message Service. It is defined as a technological service that allows communicating by exchanging text messages between cellular phones, or from a PC or handheld device to a cell phone. The maximum size of the text messages is 160 characters   or 224 characters, depending upon the service mode (5-bit mode and 7- bit mode respectively) used

SMS can be sent from a computer via an SMS gateway. These are Web sites that enable an individual to send messages to people within the network served by that gateway.

This article contains the full form of SMS and its concept, working process, advantages and alternatives.

Concept of SMS

The concept of SMS was generated in the 1980s when it was used in radio memo pagers (a wireless telecommunication device used to receive or reply to alphanumeric or voice messages). The concept was adopted by the Global System of Mobile Communication in 1985. It was in the UK where the first SMS was sent in the year 1992.

How SMS works

The Control Channel

A phone constantly exchanges information in the form of a packet of data with its network tower over a pathway known as Control channel which is used for both call setup and SMS messages. When an SMS is typed and sent, it travels to the SMS center via the tower. 

The message format consists of the content of the message, a timestamp, the recipient’s phone number, etc.

The Short Message Service Center

  • The short message service center (SMSC) is the part of wireless telecommunication service that stores, forwards and receives SMS messages. When a text message travels through the control channel, it arrives at the SMSC from where it is sent immediately if the recipient’s cell phone is active and enabled to receive text messages. If the recipient’s cell phone is inactive or unable to receive text messages, then the SMSC stores the message until it can be sent.

Advantages of SMS

  • It acts as a discreet form of conversation taking less time than to make a call or sending an e-mail.
  • The message gets stored in the SIM card, making it easy to retrieve it when necessary, until it is deleted.
  • SMS can be used to send messages to a large number of recipient simultaneously through broadcasting used by companies to contact employees or transmit news or other information to its subscribers.
  • SMS marketing acts as a tool for a promotional campaign and is widely used by companies to remain in contact with their existing customer or to attract new customers.

Alternates of SMS

To exchange elaborate messages, EMS or MMS or messaging applications are used. Formatted text, sound effects, small pictures, icons, animations, audio and video files in addition to text can be exchanged using these services.

SOP Full Form

SOP Full Form

The full form of SOP is Standard Operating Procedure.

SOP stands for Standard Operating Procedure. It is a documenting process followed by organizations or institutions which desire to carry on certain activities by abiding by a specific set of procedures to ensure reproducible results. The document describes how to do a particular task. An SOP defines expected practices in all businesses where quality standards exist Continue reading “SOP Full Form”

SOS Full Form

SOS Full Form

SOS is regarded as an international Morse code which is used as a distress signal (• • • – – – • • •). It is used as a marking for transmissions of a message requesting help in case a person is in danger or needs immediate assistance. Continue reading “SOS Full Form”

TRP Full Form

TRP Full Form

The full form of TRP is known as Television Rating Point. It is defined as a tool for evaluating the rate of viewership of any particular channel or program for 30 days. It acts as a source to provide an index of the choice of the public and determine the popularity of a particular show/program. The results are used by advertisers to determine how often an advertisement is seen by a specific target audience by media channels to plan their show timings. Continue reading “TRP Full Form”