SIM Full Form

SIM Full Form

The full form of SIM refers to a Subscriber Identity Module or Subscriber Identification Module.

It is formed of an integrated circuit that helps in storing the international mobile subscriber identity (IMSI) number and its related key and is used to identify and authenticate subscribers of the mobile devices.  Continue reading “SIM Full Form”

SMS Full Form

SMS Full Form

The full form of SMS stands as Short Message Service. It is defined as a technological service that allows communicating by exchanging text messages between cellular phones, or from a PC or handheld device to a cell phone. The maximum size of the text messages is 160 characters   or 224 characters, depending upon the service mode (5-bit mode and 7- bit mode respectively) used

SMS can be sent from a computer via an SMS gateway. These are Web sites that enable an individual to send messages to people within the network served by that gateway.

This article contains the full form of SMS and its concept, working process, advantages and alternatives.

Concept of SMS

The concept of SMS was generated in the 1980s when it was used in radio memo pagers (a wireless telecommunication device used to receive or reply to alphanumeric or voice messages). The concept was adopted by the Global System of Mobile Communication in 1985. It was in the UK where the first SMS was sent in the year 1992.

How SMS works

The Control Channel

A phone constantly exchanges information in the form of a packet of data with its network tower over a pathway known as Control channel which is used for both call setup and SMS messages. When an SMS is typed and sent, it travels to the SMS center via the tower. 

The message format consists of the content of the message, a timestamp, the recipient’s phone number, etc.

The Short Message Service Center

  • The short message service center (SMSC) is the part of wireless telecommunication service that stores, forwards and receives SMS messages. When a text message travels through the control channel, it arrives at the SMSC from where it is sent immediately if the recipient’s cell phone is active and enabled to receive text messages. If the recipient’s cell phone is inactive or unable to receive text messages, then the SMSC stores the message until it can be sent.

Advantages of SMS

  • It acts as a discreet form of conversation taking less time than to make a call or sending an e-mail.
  • The message gets stored in the SIM card, making it easy to retrieve it when necessary, until it is deleted.
  • SMS can be used to send messages to a large number of recipient simultaneously through broadcasting used by companies to contact employees or transmit news or other information to its subscribers.
  • SMS marketing acts as a tool for a promotional campaign and is widely used by companies to remain in contact with their existing customer or to attract new customers.

Alternates of SMS

To exchange elaborate messages, EMS or MMS or messaging applications are used. Formatted text, sound effects, small pictures, icons, animations, audio and video files in addition to text can be exchanged using these services.

SOP Full Form

SOP Full Form

The full form of SOP is Standard Operating Procedure.

SOP stands for Standard Operating Procedure. It is a documenting process followed by organizations or institutions which desire to carry on certain activities by abiding by a specific set of procedures to ensure reproducible results. The document describes how to do a particular task. An SOP defines expected practices in all businesses where quality standards exist Continue reading “SOP Full Form”

SOS Full Form

SOS Full Form

SOS is regarded as an international Morse code which is used as a distress signal (• • • – – – • • •). It is used as a marking for transmissions of a message requesting help in case a person is in danger or needs immediate assistance. Continue reading “SOS Full Form”

TRP Full Form

TRP Full Form

The full form of TRP is known as Television Rating Point. It is defined as a tool for evaluating the rate of viewership of any particular channel or program for 30 days. It acts as a source to provide an index of the choice of the public and determine the popularity of a particular show/program. The results are used by advertisers to determine how often an advertisement is seen by a specific target audience by media channels to plan their show timings. Continue reading “TRP Full Form”

USSR Full Form

USSR Full Form

Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (also known as the Soviet Union) is the full form of USSR. It was formed as a northern Eurasia empire with coastlines on the Baltic and Black seas and the Arctic and Pacific oceans and was a union of 15 Soviet social republics- Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belorussia (now Belarus), Estonia, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kirgiziya (now Kyrgyzstan), Latvia, Lithuania, Moldavia (now Moldova), Russia, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, and Uzbekistan. The then capital was Moscow.  Continue reading “USSR Full Form”

HTML Full Form

HTML Full Form

The full form of HTML is referred to as HyperText Markup Language.  It is used to create web pages and make them functional. Hypertext refers to links which provide connection of web pages to one another, either within a single website or between websites.  HTML is used to make static pages. With the help of database connection and Web programming, it can be converted into dynamic pages.  Continue reading “HTML Full Form”