RTO Full Form

RTO is the full form of the Regional Transport Office. It is an organization responsible for recording and maintaining the information of all the vehicles in different States and Union Territories of India. It functions under the purview of the Government of India.

RTO Full Form

As per the Motor Vehicles Act, 1988, different RTO has been set up for every state and cities to execute the activities and the functions. The Transport Commissioner of specific states heads the department.

RTO of a state has the responsibility to register and re-register vehicle, transfer ownership, issue driving license, and collect the tax that is mandatory requirements and are valid across the country. They also perform various other activities such as ensuring the proper functioning of vehicles, identifying the cars entering different Indian states, regulating the vehicles exceeding the prescribed speed limit on the road and identifying the vehicles that are not taxed.

There are over 1100 RTOs across the country, and recently the Ministry of Road Transport & Highways (MoRTH) has decided to undertake the process of for all of the offices.

Responsibilities of an RTO

  • Conducting a driving test
  • Inspecting the vehicle insurance
  • Clearing the pollution test
  • Conducting an assessment of accidental vehicles.
  • Collection of taxes as per the law.

Services provided in RTOs

The services that can be availed in RTOs are as follows:


  • Learner’s licenses are issued for a particular class of vehicle (light motor vehicle, passenger vehicle, motorcycles without gear, etc.) after conducting a learner’s license test comprising a questionnaire of road rules and regulations.
  • Permanent driving licenses are issued after testing the applicant’s riding or driving skills with the help of a practical test.
  • Expired licenses are renewed.
  • Duplicate licenses are issued if one’s license is lost, stolen, or destroyed.
  • Another class of vehicles is added to the existing license, after undergoing the practical test for the new class of vehicles.
  • International driving permits are issued on the submission of relevant documents.


  • The temporary registration number is provided to a new vehicle in case it is being taken to another state and until permanent registration is done.
  • Permanent registration of the new vehicle is done along with providing the registration number for the same.
  • The registration certificate is renewed once it expires.
  • A duplicate registration certificate is issued in case the owner misplaces it or if it is mutilated.
  • An address change can be made in the registration certificate if the person changes his/her address.
  • Registering transactions of loan, hire-purchase, hypothecation or lease
  • Special registration is done for vehicles owned by diplomatic officers.
  • Transfer of ownership of vehicles is provided in case of sale of the vehicle, purchase in a public auction, or death of the owner of the vehicle.

One can physically visit the RTO office to get a vehicle registered or do it online through the official website of the particular state.


  • Local and national permits are made available to goods and passenger vehicles.
  • Temporary permits for limited periods are also issued.

RTO codes for RTOs in India

The individual state is provided with an RTO code which is used to identify vehicles from the registration number. The RTO codes for some of the states and union territories are-

  • West Bengal- WB
  • Gujarat – GJ
  • Karnataka-KA
  • Goa- GA
  • Bihar- BR
  • Rajasthan- RJ

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