The full form of UNICEF is the United Nations International Children’s Emergency Fund, presently known as the United Nations Children’s Fund. It was formed by the United Nations General Assembly on 11 December 1946, to provide emergency food and healthcare to children and mothers in countries that had been devastated by World War II. Henrietta H. Fore is the present Executive Director of the organization.
This article highlights the full form of UNICEF along with its history, objective, functions, reports, recent developments
UNICEF works in over 190 countries and territories to save children’s lives, to defend their rights, and to help them fulfill their potential, through a life cycle based approach starting from early childhood to development and adolescence. It works towards the reduction of poverty and violence faced by the children in many parts of the world. UNICEF drives change for children and young people every day, across the globe.
- Child Protection and Inclusion– UNICEF works with partners around the world to promote policies and expand access to services that protect all children which includes focusing on developing values and skills of adolescent, providing safeguard from violence , exploration and abuse, listening to the problems and sharing ideas to empower individuals , environmental sustainability, supplying lifesaving human services to the children and mothers, creating a healthy environment for children with disability, gender disparity between girls and boys, and enabling citizens to exercise their rights to participate in public policy decisions.
- Child Survival– UNICEF has helped reduce child mortality rate all over the world by enacting initiatives like an integrated maternal and child health and nutrition service package, significant progress in immunization, strengthening health system to better serve the needs of women and children, eliminating mother-to-child transmission of HIV, WASH program to improve water , sanitation services and basic hygiene practices.
- Education – UNICEF lends its support for quality and equal learning opportunities for girls and boys and children with disability and to make the learning process interesting to them by implementing innovative ideas.
- Emergencies- UNICEF provides emergency assistance for the children and families affected by any type of natural calamity.
- Innovation– UNICEF works with partners in every sector to co-create innovative solutions like exploring blockchain applications for children, digital health services, Data science and artificial intelligence, Internet of good things real-time information accelerating progress for children and young people.
Recently, UNICEF partnering with WHO(World Health Organization ) undertook a campaign in few districts in Somalia and Puntland, the countries facing massive outbreaks of poliovirus, to spread the message about vaccinations for poliovirus and ensure that the vaccine is made available to the children.
According to recent estimates, over half of the global population – or 4.2 billion people across the world – lack safe sanitation, 673 million people practice open defecation and 701 million use unimproved facilities. UNICEF has taken a pledge to support 60 million people to gain access to at least basic sanitation services by 2021. Hence it is gathering development partners, financial institutions, private sector, and government representatives to accelerate market-based solutions for making toilets and sanitation services more affordable and accessible for households in the East and Southern Africa region.